Executive Report: Environmental Policy
Environmental policymakers face critical and complex questions. This report is designed to help decision-makers develop and advise on environmental policy.
Environmental policies have sweeping implications for business, citizens and the environment. Building policy is a complex process and there are numerous opportunities for things to go well – or poorly. Even policies generally viewed as successes involve trade-offs.
Given this complexity, policy-makers face critical questions: how effective are different environmental policy instruments in achieving their objectives? How efficient are these instruments?
NBS reviewed and synthesized best-in-class research based on advice from the Leadership Council
to create this executive report: Building Effective Environmental Policy: A Guide for Decision-Makers
analyzes and distills the learnings from 204 academic articles and government reports to help policy-makers in government and industry create environmental policy that:
- Achieves its environmental goals
- Is cost effective
- Is relevant to those affected by these policies
- Demonstrates accountability to the public (where applicable)
This executive report begins by highlighting best practices in environmental policy. It then offers three key tools to help you create better policy:
The framework outlines the range of factors that influence the policy process and highlights some considerations before you begin advocating for, or creating, new policy.
This tool provides a five-step decision-tree, including the questions you should ask at various stages of the policy process to ensure you identify the best policy instrument.
This tool describes key environmental policy instruments in low carbon and water management, detailing when each works best and providing real-world examples of where each has been used.
This report presents a solid framework, based on years of research, for building more effective and efficient environmental policy. Read the full systematic review for a more detailed overview of the literature.
This report is designed to:
- Guide and advise decision-makers in government and industry develop and advise on environmental policy.
- Help policy-makers working on environmental issues understand the range of policy instruments available to them and when each is most effective.
- Provide suggestions for businesses on how they can constructively feed into the process at various stages.
The report is an extension of the Network for Business Sustainability's systematic review
of the body of research on building effective environmental policy, conducted by researchers at Carleton University. Synthesizing data from more than 200 studies, the systematic review presents a comprehensive compilation of high-quality knowledge on this topic.