NBS logo

Why Spending CSR Budget to Target Customers Is a Mistake

Boost your corporate social responsibility reputation by promoting your company’s safety record and job creation, rather than your green products.

To boost your corporate social responsibility (CSR) reputation, spend more time promoting your company’s safety record and job creation—and less time promoting your green products.

Research from French management academics Anne-Sophie Binninger and Isabelle Robert (both of Reims Management School) shows that when people think about a company’s CSR reputation, they think about it as employees and citizens first, and customers second.

Price Drives Purchases…

The researchers came to this realization after conducting a focus group with 11 people and individually interviewing 30 others. Interviewees admitted unapologetically that low prices take priority in their buying decisions, regardless of products’ environmental or social features. And they felt the financial crisis of 2008 reflected the real face of companies.

…but CSR Still Matters

When asked what companies could do to improve their reputations, interviewees identified CSR as a way to counter the unfavourable economic climate and stand out from the competition once the crisis was over. In other words, they admitted that products’ environmental or social benefits had little effect on their buying decisions, but they still considered social performance an important factor in companies’ success.

This apparent contradiction between the importance of CSR and people’s willingness to pay more for responsible products is not new. A 2008 study by NBS found major gaps between consumers’ attitudes and actual buying behaviour. Binninger and Robert realized that, when it comes to CSR, people perceive companies’ performance from three distinct perspectives: that of employee, citizen and consumer.

Interactions Between Individuals and their Perceptions of CSR


1. Employee

When people think about a company from the “employee” perspective, they think about its safety record, how well it cares for its employees, how well the jobs pay and how secure they are, how many people the company employs and how well the company respects labour laws.

2. Citizen

When they think about a company from the “citizen” perspective, people think about the company’s role in society: how much respect the company demonstrates for the environment, and the ethical behaviour of its managers.

3. Consumer

When people think about a company from the “consumer” perspective, they think about special offers and discounts, and the marketing messages the company promotes.

For a Strong Reputation, Be a Good Corporate Citizen

Significantly, the first two roles take precedence: People think of themselves as employees and citizens first, customers second. This means their perception of an organization’s CSR activities is influenced more by your company’s general interactions with society than with your interactions with consumers at the level of individual products.

To strengthen your reputation, spend more time establishing your company as a good corporate citizen. Make sure local economic development organizations and media outlets know about the jobs you’ve created and the ways you’re reducing your environmental footprint. Even consider moving some of your marketing budget and injecting it into promoting your general CSR activities.

Future research into consumers’ perceptions of CSR could integrate the shareholder perspective, which was not addressed in this study.


Binninger, A. S. & Robert, I. (2011) La perception de la RSE par les consommateurs : quels enjeux pour la « stakeholder marketing theory »? Revue Management & Avenir, 45 (5), 14-40.

This Research Insight (RI) is based on an academic article published in a French management journal. Identified and summarized by NBS’s French office in Montreal, this RI presents the unique perspective of French-speaking sustainability researchers and delivers business insights previously unavailable to the English-speaking community.

Share this post:


Share on activity feed

Powered by WP LinkPress

Add a Comment

This site uses User Verification plugin to reduce spam. See how your comment data is processed.

This site uses User Verification plugin to reduce spam. See how your comment data is processed.

Join the Conversation


Related Articles

Partner with NBS to grow our impact

Skip to content